Social etiquette in everyday life, Arizona territory circa 1870.
Article contains unpaid advertising
Reading time: approx. 4 minutes.
Saturday, April 03, 2022
Social manners in the United States of America during the founding period were primarily shaped by English influences.
In addition, there were the rules and habits brought by other European immigrants, especially French, German, in the northeast also Dutch, and in the southwest Spanish or Mexican.
While some religious immigrant groups tried not to mix their native customs with others, for the vast majority of Americans it was precisely the breaking away from the traditional and embracing the new that made life in the U.S. so appealing.
The photography studio Maull & Polyblank from London provides some contemporary photographs of the fashion of the time.
The following overview comes from the Arizona territory and reflects etiquette in the Wild West circa 1870.
This and other interesting facts in the book!
In his new book Spotlights On American History(DE), author Wolfgang Horst Reblinsky highlights special events in American history that are not found in every history book in a total of 45 chapters.
The book's motto is:
"Behind American history are people and behind those people are their stories."
The rules of etiquette in the Wild West in an overview
Walking as a couple
The lady walks on the right hand or arm of the gentleman. The hands should be at least at hip level. The lady's right hand lifts the dress slightly off the ground. The gentleman's left hand rests at his side or on his back.
Exiting a vehicle
A lady does not leave a vehicle (e.g. carriage, railroad carriage) until her gentleman or an attendant has opened the door for her and can assist her in getting out. The door is not opened until the gentleman is confident that there is no danger to the lady outside the vehicle (riffraff, traffic, upturned dirt, etc.).
Entering / leaving a building or room
When entering or inside a safe building, the lady has the right of way. When entering an unsafe room, e.g. a foyer or restaurant, and always when leaving a building, the gentleman goes first, secures and then holds the door open for the lady; the lady does not push behind the gentleman but waits until he has secured the door.
On the staircase
If it is not possible for a couple to walk up or down a staircase side by side (the lady leaning on the gentleman's right arm), the following applies: The lady goes up first, the gentleman one step behind her. The gentleman goes down first, the lady one step after him. Reason: If the lady steps on the hem of the skirt and stumbles, the gentleman can catch her.
Greeting / Farewell
At that time, one would greet the gentleman first and then the lady. To greet a well-known, familiar lady, an implied kiss on the hand by the gentleman is customary. If the lady is not so familiar, it is appropriate to shake hands and nod to indicate a bow. A lady in the same situation will extend her hand and make a slight curtsy. When saying goodbye, the same applies.
The seating order is that the lady always sits to the right of her companion.
If one has already taken a seat at the table and other table neighbors join in, then the gentleman stands up to greet, the lady remains seated.
If a lady wants to get up from the table, she signals this to her companion. The gentleman rises and moves her chair to the side; when she sits down, he adjusts the chair. If the lady is alone, a table neighbor takes over this activity out of courtesy and deference.
The gentlemen should always endeavor to take care of the wellbeing of the ladies. Drinks are always brought to a lady's table by a gentleman if they are not served by a waiter.
If the food is not served, the ladies can choose their food from the buffet and take it with them or the gentleman accompanies the lady, plates her choice and carries the plate to her seat.
If something falls to a lady, there should always be a gentleman who feels honored to pick up the item.
To be continued...
In the next part of the series "With Fan and Colt - Etiquette in the Wild West", we devote ourselves to festive balls and also go into the secret fan language of the ladies!
Wolf H. Reblin – Beaver Creek Pioneer
About the author
Wolfgang Horst Reblinsky
Mr. Wolf H. Reblin, Esq., Arizona Justice of the Peace
He has been involved for many years with both the history of American colonization and the era between 1920 and 1980.
In 2020, when we first reported in our article "Corona does not stop at the Wild West", everyone knew about the extreme situation in terms of health. As a precaution, we had not even invited people to our summer camp at that time. All subsequent events in 2020, such as Thanksgiving or the Christmas party, were also cancelled due to Corona. And let's be honest, nobody really expected that we would have to fight the pandemic for such a long time. Even in December 2021, the spook was far from over; quite the contrary, we are heading for another extremely difficult situation in 2022.
By now, we live in a crazy world that turns everything upside down. Let's just consider the two words "positive" or "negative". We always associated the word "positive" with something desirable or enjoyable! When we thought of a positive person, in most cases we meant a cheerful, optimistic person. The opposite of this is a negative person, a rejecting, gloomy person, so to speak.
However, in our minds something has changed: If people are positive today, they are sent into quarantine, are isolated and we first think of something bad! On the other hand, if the test is negative, people are allowed to participate in central life - something pleasant, in other words.
We at least intend to look positively to the year 2022 and assume with a wink that our readers know what we are talking about.
The TRP Review of 2021 - A Glance at the Past
2021 at least looked a bit brighter than the previous year. We at least have erased 2020 from our personal calendars.
The initially negative aspect was the fact that we again had to miss out on our dear guests and friends of the TRP. Again, the well-being and health of each and every one had top priority. The consequence of this was once again that everything took place within a small number of members. After endless discussions with the authorities and in compliance with all Corona regulations, we were then allowed to host a small internal event.
Positive, as we think, and that's exactly what we want to tell you about! About the beauty of our premises, about the inexhaustible opportunities for hobby, about the "hard working-days", the wonderful summer on Beaver Creek Valley, about the autumn rendezvous and our Thanksgiving feast!
Simply join us here in our 2021 TRP retrospective and imagine what next year could hopefully look like for everyone.
Water: A good servant but a bad master
Unfortunately, the Corona pandemic does not also send the bad weather into quarantine. And so, in 2021, the floods caught us ice cold as well. The persistent rainfall in January caused our two rivers that flow around the property to swell and burst their banks. A flooding of our premises was the result and as so often in the past years, it caused considerable damage.
This not being enough, the rain also had to open up another construction site.
The never-ending water from above, showed us significant leaks in the roof of our tavern. The water literally poured from the ceiling into the saloon. As in the Old West, we put all kinds of containers under the dripping spots to catch the evil as best we could. Fortunately, Beaver Creek Valley was still in hibernation. So we were able to determine the weak spots and it was now clear to us, the tavern would need a new roof in spring.
From that point of view, it also had something good! Just imagine us, sitting together in the tavern during our main camp on a warm summerly rainy day and get to feel some "refreshing" rain from above. Quite authentic, but honestly we think that not everyone would enjoy that.
When these photos were taken, the water was already withdrawing!
The arrival of spring in Beaver Creek Valley
After that long rain, however, came the sun! It may have taken a little longer in 2021, but ultimately spring drove out winter and brought nature back to life. This was one of the most beautiful moments for us in Beaver Creek Valley.
Come closer and join us as we witness spring arriving in Beaver Creek Valley.
Hard ranch work - easier today than back then
Almost like every year, we also started 2021 by cleaning up the damage left by the spring storms that hit the valley of Beaver Creek. It was several years ago that our dancing lodge also became victim to a storm.
These pictures are from early spring of 2018, however they are a constant reminder that especially at the beginning of the year there is always work that we inevitably have to do.
By spring 2021, only a few trees were damaged. Fortunately for us, they fell on the neighboring meadow. Thank God, they did not cause any further serious damage. Nevertheless, the fallen trees called for a day of work. We felt responsible for restoring the hay meadow of our good neighbor.
On some days, a premise like this doesn't only bring all kinds of fun with it; sometimes we also have to lend a hand. But we are happy to do that as well!
We think it's good to look back on the work we've done and looking upon Beaver Creek Valley shining in a clean slate again!
Tower construction in the fort of the "American Fur Trade Company"
Before every pleasure, our Lord and Savior put the sweat!
We decided to add an outlook tower to the existing fort of the American Fur Trade Company. To realize the idea, part of the rampart had to give way. The trappers' refuge was thus unprotected from enemy attack for some time - so there was a need to hurry with the construction of the tower.
But all the hardworking hands have contributed to fixing the fort's origin. Now the fort has an additional observation tower and therefore stylistically completes the appearance of our beautiful Beaver Creek Valley.
So the next trapper rendezvous can finally come!
Trappers' Rendezvous in Spring 2021
So, just in time for the trappers' spring rendezvous, the Fur Trade Company fort had just been completed. Even though we were only allowed to immerse ourselves in that time in a small group, we had a lot of fun!
The weather was excellent and the mood thoroughly pleasant. Besides good food, all kinds of entertainment and good conversations about the historical time, it was all there. Of course, we hope that by next year at this time, many more trappers will come and celebrate with us into spring.
Here are a few pictures from these carefree days. We are looking forward to maybe having more participants in spring 2022!
Together under a new roof - Making the tavern waterproof (again)!
The vague idea of a new tavern roof at the beginning of 2021 had to be realized before the summer camp in August. Almost all members of the TRP agreed to help on this project.
First, the construction materials were organized. After the preparation work, which took a lot of time and effort, the next phase could be initiated. So we were able to add a new, rainproof "hood" to our tavern on a beautiful sunny day. All in all, this was a very labor-intensive but triumphant day. In the following weeks the necessary small tasks were done and our project could finally be finished well in time for the summer camp.
At this point we would like to express our gratitude to all helpers and supporters once again. Special thanks to our sponsor "Manni", both for his voluntary commitment and his helping hands.
Some photos of the collaborative work are shown below.
Now our "gem" is waterproof and is waiting for all of us to come together again under one brand new roof.
Operation with heavy machinery: Removing old burdens
Around 2017, we had the idea to convert an old cooling trailer into a mobile workshop. Unfortunately, we could not put this into practice for various reasons. Since the wagon, which was already purchased at the time, took up a lot of crucial space and was not exactly an eye catcher, we decided: The darn thing has to go!
After a long time back and forth, we had found a buyer. Unfortunately, our trailer was no longer roadworthy and so we had to find a somewhat bigger transportation option for it. Finally, the buyer arrived with heavy machinery, so that he could take the thing on its journey home. With united efforts and help from the neighborhood, the trailer was finally loaded and transported away. I can tell you that it was an exciting afternoon. And all that just before our summer camp. But see for yourself:
Internal Authentic Camp in 2021: A TRP summer tale!
Our summer camp last year, was an internal camp - which was held only with members of the TRP. However, it was one of the best we had in Beaver Creek Valley. It was a great time. If you would like to learn more, quickly check out our blog post Authentic Camp 2021 – Modest but Great! There you can see the fantastic impressions. Here are a few pictures to refresh your memory.
The fort of the Fur Trade Company with new defense tower, briefly under flag of the "Royal Canadian Mounted Police"!
A look inside the ranch house of the McCay family!
October 2021 - A time travel to Pullman City in the Harz
Usually once or twice a year we are visiting our friends in the far away Pullman-City-Harz. For us, it's a welcome opportunity to catch up with old buddies and also meet new faces.
But this year, the tragic death of Pullman City manager Wolfgang Hagenberger overshadowed the usually so joyful gatherings.
Nevertheless, we would like to share a few impressions with you. Perhaps we will meet there again in 2022 for the spring rendezvous of the trappers and Indians.
Fall Rendezvous on Beaver Creek Valley
We inevitably brought our desire for more western-hobby in 2021 with us from Pullman City. Motivated, we therefore decided to spontaneously organize another internal autumn rendezvous.
Immediately after our trip, we therefore implemented this idea. Due to this last-minute decision, not everyone was able to follow the invitation, and so our second internal mini-camp was held.
We didn't have a lot of activities lined up for this gathering, but rather enjoyed a simple get-together. The interesting conversations and cooking together topped off the day. Afterwards we concluded the day with fun and good spirits in our tavern - that' s all you can ask for.
Yes, there is something: Our good friends of the TRP should not be missing next year. Maybe you enjoy the photos and you will be there next year.
Thanksgiving - A TRP Tradition Returns in 2021
The kick-off for our first TRP Thanksgiving celebration actually took place in November 2010. Due to many many cancellations because of the Christmas parties already running in parallel at that time, we simply moved this Thanksgiving day to February 2011. Already in 2020 we reported about our Thanksgiving celebrations in our blog post "Thanksgiving - Background of a Tradition".
In 2021, we could proudly look back on 10 years of TRP Thanksgiving events and many guests. We gladly remember, because each event was a highlight in itself!
Only the event in 2019 was held within a private group and, as everyone knows, the celebration in 2020 had to be cancelled altogether due to the Corona pandemic. All the more we were happy to receive the go-ahead from the authorities for this year. The event was allowed to take place under 3G in conformity with Corona regulations. In addition, we were able to invite guests to this private celebration again after a long time.
Unfortunately, the OK from the authorities came relatively late for the event. As a result, our invitation could only reach some of our friends in time. Even though it was again a relatively small festivity, we had a lot of fun and also excellent food!
Community! A reason for celebration
In keeping with our TRP tradition, all who attended were welcomed by Chet. After a short review of the year 2021 and an outlook for 2022, there followed the honoring of our birthday "kids" who were celebrating a anniversary birthday! All of them received a surprise with a small gift.
Chet congratulates the birthday boys: from left to right: Jakob - 10, Albert - 70, Dutchman - 60
Then the legendary roast turkey was dished up, prepared by our Albert Boone! We do not want to withhold from you what a treat that was!
To get the body going again after the rich meal, we held a "turkey shooting contest". Don't worry, we didn't shoot at real birds. Everyone was allowed to fire three shots at a paper target. Afterwards, the winner also didn't get a live bird, but a "food basket"!
Most of the evening we were musically entertained by the family band led by Ron Kelly. At this point again many thanks to Ron, Tanja and Achilles. Also the Two-Rivers Band "Sons of Erin" played some Irish ballads.
All in all, it was a very pleasant evening, with great conversations, fiery entertainment, great atmosphere, fantastic food, varied music and never-ending good mood. Now we only hope that this festivity can be repeated next year. But if so, then preferably within the large family circle - in other words, with our dear friends!
The end springs from the beginning - floods at the end of 2021
The way our year started, it unfortunately ended again. Water as far as the eye could see and no end in sight. Of course, this also meant that there was a lot of work ahead for spring 2022. But the maintenance of the terrain is also part of our hobby. We have set ourselves the goal - for ourselves and of course for our guests - to always present grounds with a wow effect. We also want to live up to this intention.
And with that, we close our TRP Review 2021. Corona has significantly shortened the times we were allowed to meet. But even if that was the case, we made good use of the time we had and can look back on an overall "satisfying" 2021 hobby year.
But what would a review be without an outlook? We also have many thoughts for 2022 and strongly hope that we can realize them.
An outlook on the year 2022 - normality or further states of states of exception?
It is now March 2022, the Corona pandemic is still present and Europe is under the shadow of a war in Ukraine. Many of the current developments are very rapid and we all do not know what is still to come.
Of course, we too cannot walk through the world with blinders on and look away from it all, because that would simply be wrong. What we can do, however, is stand together as a community in these difficult hours and pursue a common cause. While we have the opportunity to escape the daily grind with Beaver Creek Valley, we also have the opportunity to stand together in community among good friends.
We have a lot planned for 2022! Of course, the realization of these plans depends on the ongoing pandemic not throwing a spanner in the works again.
For spring, we are planning a small "Spring Gathering" - an invitation will be sent out in due time.
Furthermore, we intend, as far as possible, to create a hobby meeting with various topics on Sundays of each month. Also for this we will send personal invitations.
At Easter and Whitsun we also want to visit other camps. We sincerely hope that our neighboring hobby friends will also be able to organize gatherings again.
In summer we will have our big mixed camp again. We hope to welcome many of you to this event. We will announce the rules and regulations as soon as possible. You will also find the date in our calendar. Unfortunately, there will not be an open-door day this year - for well-known reasons. As you are used to, you will receive a personal invitation for the event.
For the autumn rendezvous we hope for a lively participation this year. You will find the date in time here in our calendar.
Last but not least, we want to end the year 2022 with our Thanksgiving Feast. Again, our goal is to have many hobbyists visit us as in years past.
Now we only hope that our plans for 2022 can also be realized and that everything will come true as we wish from the bottom of our hearts. We look forward to a lively and interesting hobby year in 2022, and we would be very happy if you respond to our call and let us welcome you once again with the words:
Welcome to Beaver Creek Valley!
Chet McCay & Colton White – Beaver Creek Pioneer
Photos by: Chet McCay, Gill McCay, Colton White, Robert Neuber, Tom Müller
Artful leatherwork just like from the days of the Wild West
A spotlight on the leather maker Wolfgang Oidtmann
Reading time: approx. 4 minutes.
Sunday, December 05, 2021
The first time I saw an image of "Geronimo's Gun Rig" was in 1998. A year earlier, "TIME LIFE" had published the fantastic documentary "Defiant Chiefs", an appreciation of Native Americans and their chiefs. Particularly highlighted in this report was the Apache war chief "Geronimo" and his revolver holster for a 7 ½" bbl Colt, but with a short-barreled weapon. The picture further shows the corresponding Gun Belt, and his Bowie Knife with matching scabbard. By 2009, I had completed my own research, had the silver fittings made, and designed the cuts for "MY version of the Geronimo set" ... But that's another story; enjoy the photo!
Cowboy Accessories – then and now
The book"Packing Iron" (Western holster), by Richard Rattenbury, is the "Leather Bible" for all who feel connected to the "Old West" . However, nothing is mentioned in this book about what it was like in the Old West saddleries during the hay days of the cattle drives: How did the saddler and his customers communicate? What did the cowpuncher have to do to get the desired saddlery products? Joe Gish told me. The old-timer, who passed away in 2011 and whose sole purpose in life was the Old West, lived in his living room museum in Fredericksburg, TX until his death and received Ol' West Buffs from all over the world!
Richard Rattenbury – Packing Iron (DE Edition)
The "old west cowboy" today is called reenactor or hobbyist
The saddleries primarily focused on saddles and horse harnesses, Joe told me. As other services, of course, they also made holsters, spur straps, chaps and all the rest of the "Cowboy Accessories".
Wolfgang Oidtmann in front of his store in Düsseldorf
So if a Drover had the money and the time to 'upgrade' before the cattle trek, then first of all communication was required. The saddlers had as good as nothing in stock. In their store they had small things, such as cuffs, quirts or strap goods, sometimes possibly for sale unclaimed contract work, because the "Maker" always worked off current orders!
As it was then, it is no different nowadays: "I love it when a die-hard Western Reenactor shows up in my Düsseldorf store and discusses with me his ideas of e.g. a new holster! In his head he has pictures from my Old West Outfitter online catalog or from some other non-fiction books with him and then tells me exactly which extras he would like to see realized!
From the pattern to the finished product: In his workshop, Wolfgang Oidtmann turns his customers' requirements into reality.
From universal size to custom made
Take, for example, the legendaryModel 1877 "Rio Grande" Frontier Reproduction Holsterfrom Catalog #63 (1983-1984) of the El Paso Saddlery (EPS). This is a nice example of a finely crafted Tex-Mex holster. It was made by EPS using a contemporary cut. This means that this holster was a bit oversized when it came to its cut. This piece was offered in only ONE size at the time of the cattle treks, accordingly it accommodated quite a few revolver types from various manufacturers, Joe Gish explained to me. So it was not basically designed for a COLT SAA Model 1873 or a REMINGTON Model 1875. It was to fit as many revolvers as possible. That meant less work for the saddler to produce, because there was really only one size that fit all!
From catalog to custom adaptation: the creation of a COLT SAA Model 1873 holster based on the El Paso Saddlery catalog.
Of course, the EPS built this holster in the 1980s to fit all sorts of revolvers individually. However, the large, deep cut was maintained, as a reminiscence of the "Good Ol' Days". One of my customers liked this holster, however, he preferred a slightly less large cut. And then I was again allowed to feel like a Old West Saddler. A new pattern had to be made and the stamping should correspond to the time around 1875. However, he was particularly concerned that there should be no basket-weave pattern (as on the EPS original on the main loop), because that was too "modern" for my cowboy. Furthermore, he wanted a tight fit of the holster, exactly designed for a COLT SAA Model 1873, 5 ½" bbl! This man could also be helped!
Making a holster - from the pattern to cutting, punching, dyeing and sewing - takes at least half a working day.
Complex stamping or braided seams mean even more time.
A gun belt is in the same time pattern.
Making a pair of shot gun chaps or bat wing chaps can take up to 4 full working days. Ultimately, they should match the pattern after completion, the customer should like them and of course they should fit!
Old West Outfitter: Many years of experience guarantee quality
Meanwhile I am 74 years old, I have learned the saddlery craftsmanship - in addition to my educated profession as a decorator - with a Düsseldorf saddler. Over the years I was the owner of three companies with offices in Heinsberg and Düsseldorf. For about 40 years I am - at first 'only' on the side, but now 'primarily' - active in the Old West Saddlery business and work mostly with the same old, reliable tools that my teacher left me.
Wolfgang Oidtmann crafts sophisticated leatherwork in his Düsseldorf workshop.
I also have acquired the calmness and serenity that one needs in this profession.
To deliver an acceptable end product it requires precise handwork and the time that goes with it:
"just like in the Old West!"
See You, Folks!
Zum Schluss noch ein Buch-Tipp von mir:
“Saddleries Of Montana” (Montana’s Makers from Territorial Times to 1940), Lyndes, Reynolds and Sage, ISBN: 978-0-7643-5274-4, Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.
This book is on par with "Packing Iron"; it blew me away with its fantastic information and pictures. By the way, Joseph Sullivan's saddlery, in Ft. Benton, is also mentioned in this all-encompassing work. I have been offering a replica of one of his holsters in my own store for two years now.
About the author
Wolfgang Oidtmann is a businessman from Düsseldorf, Germany. Currently he puts the focus on his leather store.
His work can be found online at his website old-west-outfitter.de. He is considered the last German saddler who consistently handcrafts his high-end products in the tradition of the U.S. West; with a consistently high quality of leather made in Germany; for authentic replicas and many types of utilitarian leather items.
If you want to experience him 'live and in color' (besides in his store), you can always find Wolfgang at the meetings of the 'Western-Bund e.V.' or where the 'Oldtimers' of the European Western hobby give their rendezvous and at CAS events!
In his new book Spotlights On American History(DE), author Wolfgang Horst Reblinsky highlights special events in American history that are not found in every history book in a total of 45 chapters.
The motto of the book is "Behind American history are people and behind those people are their stories."
Reblinsky about Spotlights On American History:
This book is not intended to be another classic USA history book, there are plenty around! Rather, the goal is to shed light on the events of American history that are not in every book and that easily fall off the edge of historiography and threaten to sink into the dust of oblivion. The stories are also meant to be typical of the personalities who came to settle America and define it.
Some of the stories will appear, with the author's kind permission, in the Beaver Creek Pioneer of the Two Rivers Privity.
Entertaining stories, historically accurate and informatively presented
Reblinsky covers a wide variety of subjects in American history in his 45 chapters. In a relaxed and informative writing style, he devotes himself, for example, to the historically correct etiquette of the Old West, as well as to modern topics that characterize the 178-page paperback.
Not only history buffs will get their money's worth here, but all those who have always wanted to take a look behind the curtain of America!
From the Two Rivers Privity comes a clear reading recommendation for Spotlights On American History!
We know and appreciate his contributions to the Magazin für Amerikanistik among other publications.
The German Magazin für Amerikanistik also features exciting and interesting topics by Wolfgang H. Reblinsky.
About the author: Wolfgang H. Reblinsky
The author, Dipl.Rpfl.(FH) Wolfgang H. Reblinsky, born in Fürth/Bavaria, is a qualified lawyer and retired geomancer.
He is engaged in American history and, as The Honorable Wolf H. Reblin, Arizona Justice of the Peace, portrays the period around 1870 in the Arizona Territory.
In addition to historical articles in the German Magazin für Amerikanistik, he also publishes on vintage automotive topics related to the United States.
He lives with his wife Beate in Bad Reichenhall and Obertraubling.
Howdy folks and friends of the TRP! Today we want to share our small, internal Authentic Camp 2021 with you, which we held at the beginning of August, on Beaver Creek Valley.
We were very sorry that the big camp - like last year - unfortunately did not take place due to Corona. So the Authentic Camp 2021 took place in a small group of our members, even if we would have liked to have our guests with us!
In this post, we're all about motivating you and keeping you going until next year, when hopefully we can once again greet our guests with a warm:
Welcome to Beaver Creek Valley!
The preparations for our event were initially overshadowed by concerns about Corona. Long discussions with the local office were necessary to find out in which scope we would even be allowed to meet. Some restrictions followed, but thanks to the understanding and great members of the TRP, we could enjoy our time travel Corona-compliant and light-hearted.
We want to tell you about this beautiful week today.
The week started with a summer rain
The first weekend of our Authentic Camp started with a lot of rain! Mud roads and puddles as far as the eye could see. However, the roads to Beaver Creek gave a very authentic picture.
It was quite common back then for the main roads of settlements to be full of mud and dirt at all times. Due to the constant traffic of stagecoaches, carts and other wagons, the grass hardly had a chance to grow back. These roads were usually paved much later, by the turn of the century. In larger cities, people were fortunate enough to walk on paved roads. And so the weather contributed to a characteristic picture at the beginning of the week!
However, the rain soon bid us farewell with a gigantic rainbow, announcing beautiful weather that would hold for the rest of the week. The mood rose and drove away the worry about a rainy camp.
Authentic cuisine - Like the old days
The week began with an extraordinary meal. For this purpose, some settlers foraged for mushrooms in the nearby forests. Of course, thanks to the rain, they found plenty and we were able to add a good portion of freshly collected chanterelles to our meal.
If you are wondering at this point if the pasta in this dish will fit the era, we can reassure you!
Back in the 1780s, none other than Thomas Jefferson himself enjoyed his first serving of pasta in a Paris restaurant. Jefferson was a big pasta fan ever since and even had shipments of boxes sent back to America.
In 1798, the first pasta factory finally opened in Philadelphia. At that time, however, pasta dishes were reserved for the wealthy bourgeoisie, as their availability was very limited. The working class, on the other hand, only began to enjoy macaroni around the time of the American Civil War (starting in the 1860s), when more factories opened and imports from countries like Sicily were no longer necessary.
During this week, there were many more excellent meals that we prepared and ate together at a large community table.
There was, for example, a tasty chicken stew or the legendary "Irish Stew", to name just a handful. So there were all kinds of delicacies again at the Authentic Camp 2021!
Of course, we didn't just eat, but passed the time with all kinds of amusements.
Poque, photo shootings and cozy saloon evenings
We have newly discovered the game of poque for ourselves! "Poch", as it is also called, was already a popular amusement in the Middle Ages and was first mentioned in Strasbourg as early as 1441. French immigrants brought "poque" - as it was called there - to America, from which the later poker developed.
Throughout the camp, young and old were quickly at the gambling table when someone called for a game of poque!
With such beautiful weather, it was natural that our cowboys returned earlier than planned from their "hard working day" and, in compliance to their cowboy code, invited their ladies for a walk into the evening.
But not only for the cowboys the warm light invited to great photos.
After a hearty evening meal together, the party relaxed as they pleased. When the evening came, we got all dressed up and met again for a visit to the saloon.
After the day's toil and trouble, everyone met here to celebrate, discuss, laugh, play cards, have a drink or two and, of course, make music together. Everyone who could play an instrument was invited and many beautiful songs came out, such as this one:
Lil’ Liza Jane – Beaver Creek Valley Ramblers – Live at the Frontier Tavern
Visit to the Museum of Military Tradition in Weidenberg
After a hearty breakfast we started into a new day!
We reserved this day for a planned museum tour and returned to the present reality at short notice for this purpose. The visit to the Museum for Military Tradition in Upper Franconia, Weidenberg, was organized by our friend and museum director Martin Götz. He guided us through the various eras, up to modern times.
Many of the exhibited pieces were accompanied by miniatures. These, meticulously handcrafted figures, were placed in dioramas and complemented the overall picture.
As a visitor, you could thus get a better picture of how the armies and militias were positioned. One also got a good impression of how clothing and equipment interacted and also how the war sites of the time were like.
We can recommend a visit to the museum without any restrictions! Not only military enthusiasts will enjoy it, but also all those who have always wanted to learn more about the area in general.
We were also able to learn a lot and would like to thank Martin very much for taking the time for us!
Campfire Stories & High-Tech in the Wild West
As evening fell that day, everyone gathered around the campfire and listened to stories told by local mayor Hans Walter a.k.a. Mr. Catlin.
He told us about times long past, when Napoleon's troops made the region around Kastl unsafe and how the war changed both the area and the people. But also a few bizarre inn stories, as well as mystical legends around the Rauen Kulm, characterized the evening.
The following day we had a lot planned! For this we invited our friend and photographer Robert of the Panorama Video Production to Beaver Creek Valley. With the help of a large technical setup consisting of video and photo cameras, as well as lighting and microphones, TRP members momentarily became protagonists in a short short film.
What exactly we have realized there, remains a secret at this time! However, we can already reveal this much: It has to do with the publication of a book whose author is a very good friend of TRP.
But that's wasn't all: Robert also highlighted the Indian Territory of Beaver Creek Valley in great detail! There he accompanied a Lakota lady with the preparation of an authentic meal. We are very much looking forward to the finished material, which we will of course present in the Beaver Creek Pioneer!
Very nice pictures were taken again during the Authentic Camp 2021, for example the series "The Law of Beaver Creek Valley", where the law enforcement officers of Beaver Creek Valley presented their strength in front of the Sheriff's Office.
The end of our trail
Just before the general mood of departure spread on the last day, we received a visit from the far north. A delegation of Canadian Mounties visited Beaver Creek Valley. Of course, the "Red Serges" caught the attention in front of our Fort McKenzie and we were able to take some very nice pictures here as well!
We would like to thank all those who squeezed into their uniforms during what felt like the warmest day of the week - but the result certainly speaks for itself:
All in all, we can say that we had a brilliant, beautiful and eventful time at the Authentic Camp 2021. It felt very good to come together once again as a community, to exchange ideas and experience a wonderful time together. We are looking forward to next year, when hopefully we will be able to spend this time with our honored guests again!
Stay safe and keep your powder dry!
So long, Chet McCay & Colton White – Beaver Creek Pioneer
Nebraska Territory, 1862. In the midst of a snowstorm, a certain James Butler Hickok rumbles into a snowed-in horse station. The at that time 25 years old good-for-nothing, gambler and day laborer has not yet taken his role in the just begun war of secession. That's when he meets five outlaws by pure chance in this godforsaken outpost. One of these unlucky ones makes the mistake of brushing Hickok's fur cap off his head. - What follows is a sequence of 20 seconds; between minute 8:37 and minute 8:57; in the cult western "Wild Bill"; starring Jeff Bridges ... - At the end of the scene the outlaws have all been busted and a bone-dry 'Wild Bill' Hickok speaks the famous sentence and at the same time the credo of every Old West buff;
Never touch another man’s hat!
– James Butler Hickok in “Wild Bill“ with Jeff Bridges
An old STETSON cowboy hat from a 'Movie-Town' in New Mexico, U.S.A.; in its heyday STETSON sold 3 million hats a year.
The cowboy hat as a mark of personality
Nothing else identifies the Western hobbyist - in the cowboy section - as clearly as the hat he wears! When I took up the hobby in the 1970s, the advisors who helped me put together my outfit overwhelmed me with their expertise. But there was only one thing these 'old timers' agreed on: the hat had to fit me and my 'alias'! And, of course, it had to be a STETSON ! And since I wanted to portray a simple, nameless cowboy, I got to know the archetype of the 'US-American Cowboy Hat': the 'Boss of the Plains'; or, as it is also called, the 'Austral', the 'Mormon Hat' or simply the 'Open Crown'.
Two STETSON hats: a brown, low 'Open Crown' in "Scout Style"; and a black 'Boss Of The Plains' in 4x buffalo quality.
Two further 'Open Crown' examples; the black hat comes in "Preacher Style"; the light one in typical, worn "Drover Style".
The shape of the hat - reflection of a hard life
Due to the constant use of the hat, the permanent effects of weather and the use for other purposes - it had to serve both as a 'watering bucket' for the horse and as a 'pillow' for the exhausted cowboy - the good piece lost its original shape quite quickly. However, the easy to reshape felt made it possible for the Drovers to bring their hats into shape over and over again. And this is how the various shapes of hats came into being, each of which was ultimately used as a distinctive mark of its owner.
Many hats found their way from the military into the bunkhouses of the ranches. These were often wide-brimmed officers' hats with crowns that were also notable for their height.
Imposing brim widths of 4 ½" and crown heights of 6 ½" give their owners plenty of room to 'style' these hats individually.
John B. Stetson - Hat fashion for cowboys & gentlemen
After John B. Stetson began to manufacture hats, among other things, in his company in Saint Joseph, Missouri, starting in 1865 and threw them on a 'hungry market', the triumphal march of the 'STETSON' cowboy hat was unstoppable. Cattle drives from the South to the Midwest slaughterhouses of the fledgling U.S. had begun in the 1850s. And the young 'drovers' - or 'cow boys' - initially still wore the headgear of their fathers, for example, that they had brought with them from the 'Old World/Europe': caps, knitted woolen hats or hats of townspeople and farmers. There were also hats of Mexican origin.
A traditional company on the rise
However, all of this equipment lacked the size and the expansive brim of the hat that protected its wearer from the weather-related elemental forces on a cattle trek. - John B. STETSON had the solution. His products offered a hat-crown whose height ensured 'plenty of fresh air under the dome'; and a brim that protected the face from direct sunlight and allowed rain to drip off. Far beyond the end of the legendary Cattle Drives that ended at the beginning of the 20th century, 'his' company still sells and continues to sell the legendary Stetson as loved by the cowboy and the hobbyist; but with changing production numbers; with changing quality; and with ever-changing sales philosophy:
In the 1880s, the target audience was the 'cowboys'; after the turn of the century, it was the movie industry and the fancy crowd; and today, the STETSON Co. seems to be looking for a way to reconcile tradition with today's consumer behavior and bring it to a reasonable level ...
Especially Western ladies attach importance to a neat headgear! Many a cowboy can take a leaf out of their book!
A cross-section of Western hobbyists' 'hat fashions'; in the center, legendary German Old West saddler Willi Baumann, † 2015.
The saloon as a catwalk. The pictures were taken by me (authorized reporter) at the 'Western Council 2004' and carry my copyright.
The cowboy hat - it's more than just a "hobby
Since I have been active in the hobby, hundreds of hats have passed through my hands. I have collected them, I have traded them; and I have given them away to friends. The whole "dilemma" continues to this day!
The slideshow shows a cross-section of the common hat shapes in the Western hobby. Allowed is what pleases ... and what you want to pay!
If you'd like to learn more about the hip and current hat manufacturers, felt qualities, 'self-made' hat restoration, or how to handle and appreciate 'all things Western Hat', let me know. I would love to continue to share, your
P e t e a.k.a. marshdillion
About the author
Peter Jakob Klein a.k.a. marshdillion
Pete has been at home in 'Western Reenactment' for 50 years; he is a freelance radio and TV journalist and is now retired; he has worked for the German ARD stations.
When it comes to topics of the 'western hobby' or 'cowboy action shooting', you can find his contributions in the VISIER, among others.
When in spring the temperatures slowly rise again and the plants begin to form their leaves and flowers, then it is also the perfect time for the brewer to prepare beer. The recipe we present here, however, has nothing to do with hops and malt, but is based on the young shoots of spruce.
I, as well, have taken advantage of the recent spring to dedicate myself to a long-awaited project - making Spruce Beer.
Already in colonial times, the spruce served as an important source of vitamin C and can still be found in many traditional dishes. In a simple step by step guide, you too will be able to make your own delicious Spruce Beer.
The History of the Spruce Beer
As early as 1536, the French explorer Jacques Cartier drank a tea from a coniferous tree that the Saint Lawrence Iroquois called Aneda. The tea provided a surprisingly high amount of vitamin C, which was especially lacking aboard ships and could thus lead to scurvy. But who is satisfied with tea in the long run, when it can also be beer?
The British Royal Navy took advantage of this knowledge in the 18th century and added spruce branches to existing shiploads of beer to protect against the disease.
The French explorer Jacques Cartier.
Alcoholic Spruce Beer was especially common in the Thirteen Colonies of America, as well as Eastern Canada. This beer was mainly made with red or black spruce.
An illustrious gathering in a characteristic tavern - John Greenwood 1755
Spruces are evergreen, which means they do not lose their needles in winter. Just that was a huge advantage at that time, because the production of beer was possible almost at any time of the year.
Young spruce shoots - in spring collecting is worthwhile!
It is precisely in the springtime, at the end of May, beginning of June, that the spruce forms young shoots that taste particularly intense. You definitely want this aroma in your beer. The shoots can theoretically be nibbled directly from the tree, they taste slightly sour and are a good energy supplier.
But be careful! Know your tree!
Before you set out to collect, you should be sure that the yield is actually the shoots of spruce. As a candidate that can be confused with the spruce, the highly poisonous yew is frequently listed. However, if you compare the two plants directly, you can see a definite difference. An illustrated plant guide provides certainty here. If the spruce is confused with the very similar fir, it is not too tragic, because their shoots are also edible.
The highly toxic European yew (left) and the edible spruce with young shoots (right).
To brew about 8l of beer, I collected about four handfuls of spruce tips, taking care to harvest evenly on each branch to avoid stressing the tree too much.
The young shoots of spruce.
The brewing process - from the raw product to the finished beer
Now it's time for preparation - after all, a beer like this doesn't brew itself! However, most of it is actually done for us by our brewer's yeast. But before that, a little preparation is needed.
What do you need?
Two 8l pots with lid
24 empty beer bottles (0,33l)
A funnel for filling
a bottle cap set
Isopropanol 99.9% for disinfecting
a dripping stand for the beer bottles
500ml maple syrup
150g brown sugar
4 hands full of fresh spruce shoots
The basic rule that should always be followed is cleanliness! That is why I highly recommend disinfecting all equipment and hands before brewing.
First, the freshly collected spruce shoots should be roughly cleaned of dirt. After that, simply wash with cold water.
The washed shoots are placed in a clean, disinfected pot with 8l of water and boiled for about 30 minutes.
Then all the shoots are completely removed from the pot.
To the decoction add 500ml of maple syrup and 150g of sugar.
Stir the mixture well and let it simmer for another 15 minutes.
Then remove the liquid from the heat and let it cool down to room temperature.
Dissolve the yeast in a little water according to the package instructions and stir gently with a (disinfected) finger.
When the decoction has cooled to about room temperature, add the dissolved yeast and stir slowly.
Now let the brew ferment with the lid closed for about 12 hours.
After the rest period, the yeast has worked properly, usually recognizable by already rising CO2 bubbles. My brewer's yeast naturally sinks to the bottom of the pot and forms a sediment. Now the second pot is used. The young beer is now carefully separated from the sediment layer with the ladle.
However, depending on the type of yeast, this process is optional. In the case of yeasts that are specifically designed for bottle fermentation, you can stir again to create a homogeneous mixture once more. This ensures that the same amount of yeast is present in each bottle when bottling. If the quantity is unevenly distributed, individual bottles may burst under certain circumstances.
Whether with or without yeast - now the bottles can be filled and corked.
After 3 to 5 days the Spruce Beer is ready to drink!
The bottles should stand during the "maturation" in a room-warm, dark place - preferably in a way that nothing can happen in case of a bottle explosion. Because I felt the desire, I have designed a bottle logo in the meantime.
After just three days, enough carbon dioxide has accumulated to make the beer a pleasure to drink. Before serving, put it once again in the refrigerator, because no one would like warm beer!
However, Spruce Beer should not be stored in the bottles for too long. The yeast usually works until the sugar has been completely converted. This leads to a higher output of carbon dioxide, which accumulates in the bottle. The beer aged for three days will also taste slightly sweeter than the beer aged for 5 days.
My "sweet spot" was around four days. The beer no longer tasted too sweet and the amount of carbon dioxide was just right, in my opinion.
Taste-wise, the beer was excellent! However, the end product is very difficult to describe. The spruce shoots give the beer a slightly resinous note, but this is by no means unpleasant, but rather refreshing! Other hobby brewers compare Spruce Beer with Cola and wheat beer, which I can not agree with. Through the maple syrup and sugar it still has a sweet note, but tastes just unique!
In the past, the process was somewhat different...
In the past, of course, the work was done somewhat differently and, above all, much less clean. The brew was sometimes boiled with whole spruce twigs, with molasses, sugar or maple syrup and filled into barrels. The "external yeasts" on the twigs then kicked off the brewing process. Of course, this is always a bit dicey, because the beer can quickly turn unpleasant and become undrinkable due to these yeasts.
I also deliberately decided against molasses, because the inherent flavor of this would have been too dominant.
By the way - you can make great food with spruce tips!
Spruce tips are not only suitable for making delicious beer, you can also use them perfectly in cuisine. A really simple and yet incredibly delicious dish is baked salmon with spruce tips, jacket potatoes and sour cream.
Spruce Tips baked salmon with jacket potatoes and sour cream. The Spruce Beer works great as a drink with it!
Place the salmon skin side down in a baking dish, season with salt and pepper, sprinkle with spruce shoots and bake at 200°C for about 30 minutes. As a side dish, boil potatoes with skin in water until cooked. Serve with sour cream. Done!
Winter is the season of the runny nose and constantly frosty hands. The common cold plagues us and we get sick. All this is by far nothing unusual and we know very well by now how to cure ourselves again. But how did people actually deal with illnesses and ailments in the Old West?
Certainly, at that time there were already practicing doctors, but among them were also some quacks and charlatans, who were able to build a prestigious reputation. With the healing effects of magic in combination with extravagant ingredients, they made their profit from the uninformed people.
Finally, the use of colorful product names such as "Egyptian Regulator Tea" and medicine shows did the rest to encourage people to buy the product.
But who were these men and women and how could so many people fall for them?
Great Britain and the Quack Boom in America
In the 17th and 18th centuries, people still had little understanding of the causes of disease. It was therefore not surprising that so-called patent medicine conquered the market - first in Great Britain and then in the British colonies in North America. In contrast to locally produced and used remedies, the big advertising drum was beaten for these substances. In some cases provided with genuine royal patents, they created confidence among the population and found correspondingly large sales, especially from the beginning of the 18th century.
By 1830, British parliamentary records listed over 1,300 different patented "medicines," most of which were, by modern standards, nothing more than the humbug of quacks.
During the American Revolution and after the War of 1812, the British market lost influence in America. However, the resulting gaps were quickly filled with American products, in order to set themselves apart from England. The golden era of the manufactured products in America was in the years after the Civil War from 1865 onwards.
It's all a question of marketing
Among the first products to be mass produced was "Daffy's Elixir". The inventor of the potion, an English clergyman named Thomas Daffy, is said to have put the brew to paper as early as 1647. After his demise, his daughter Catherine, together with some of his relatives, continued the brand. The product, which was originally only intended to help against digestive problems, was gradually developed further during Daffy's lifetime until it was finally intended to help against any disease. It therefore also had the name Elixir Salutis - the potion of health.
Bottle of Daffy's Elixir Salutis (center).
When more influential companies were able to claim the rights to the elixir, they achieved a breakthrough in America. The brand eventually became so famous that it was even mentioned in Charles Dickens' book Oliver Twist.
The ingredients of the potion, of course, did not help against the multitude of diseases, as originally advertised, and yet it created a large distribution in England and America.
The ingredients of an "irresistible" product
Most potions and tinctures of the quacks consisted mainly of common drinking alcohol, such as brandy. This was often mixed with various herbs, opium and in some cases cocaine.
If one ingested such a brew, it usually provided relief from the symptoms, since opium, for example, acted like a strong painkiller. However, this didn't cure the cause of the respective disease at all. These mixtures promised to help not only against the "simple cold", but also claimed to be effective against complex diseases.[2, 3]
Especially the use of opium was by no means new at that time, but found a wide use until the early 19th century, also in medicine. Besides the pain-killing effect, it helped against diarrhea and aided a good sleep.
Opium in a pharmacist's container (left) and as a plant in the wild (right).
However, the side effects of an incorrect dosage or prolonged ingestion were devastating: from weight loss due to lack of appetite, through muscle pain, to death by respiratory paralysis. It was also common for consumers of the tinctures to become addicted. The ingestion could also have a severe effect on the mental state, accompanied by strong personality changes, up to apathy.
The German immigrant William Radam, even went so far as to dilute sulfuric acid, which is highly corrosive, with red wine.
The "microbe killer" potion was born, which, according to Radam, made it possible to "cure any kind of disease".[2, 5]
Both the short-term relief of discomfort and the addiction to alcohol, opium or cocaine were probably reason enough for the products to be consumed regularly. After all, one actually felt better after taking them and felt a certain craving for more of the miraculous medicine. The big awakening, however, probably came when one noticed that the actual illness did not go away or even new complaints were added.
The Medicine Shows
In the American colonies, traveling peddlers appeared before 1772, roaming mainly through rural areas to sell their dubious medicines. In the course of this, a law was passed prohibiting their activities.
In the 19th century, large-scale shows replaced individual traveling salesmen. The performances were increasingly spectacular and not only took place in front of sales wagons, but also in large tents and even theaters. While the salesman advertised his potent "medicine", he was often supported by artists and musicians. This was especially popular with the rural population, as entertainment on such a scale was rare.
Historical re-enactment of quacks. Two Rivers Privity in Beaver Creek Valley.
The two largest and probably most successful medicine shows, were Hamlin's Wizard Oil Company and the Kickapoo Indian Medicine Company. Hamlin's Wizard Oil Company had specially designed wagons with built-in organs and additional space for dancers. Posters, fylers, and fancy advertising slogans did the rest.
Poster of Hamlin's Wizard Oil (1890).
The Kickapoo Indian Medicine Company rehearsed a show based on made-up American Native ceremonies. Fake representatives of the thoroughly real tribe translated for the Natives and sold "Sagwa", probably the most famous quack medicine of its time.[5, 7]
How the quack was caught
In the Netherlands, the first association against quackery was founded in 1881, making it the oldest of its kind. The Netherlands was also one of the first countries to regulate medicine through the state.
In the USA, the Boston Medical And Surgical Journal wrote in 1875:
If Satan has ever succeeded in compressing a greater amount of concentrated mendacity into one set of human bodies above every other description, it is in the advertising quacks.
Tinctures with no effect for a disease, soon became commonly known among the population as "Snake Oil". The term goes back to Clark Stanley's Snake Oil Liniment among others, but broadly means the ineffective elixirs of quacks.
Clark Stanley’s Snake Oil Liniment (ca. 1905).
However, not all of these drugs were ineffective either. Turlington's Balsam of Life, for example, actually had beneficial properties as well. Until the early 19th century, the drug was sold under this name and can be found in British and American pharmacopoeias as "Compound Tincture of Benzoin." However, it is believed that the discovery of the balsam's benefits was merely a coincidence and became known only after the fact.
2020 was a year that was hardly characterized by our beautiful hobby. We were more in lockdown than in our lodges and were more with Corona mask than with " bandanas and cowboy hat ". We miss all those who shared their stories with us around the campfire and who delighted us with their music. We miss the good conversations among friends as well as the valuable exchange of knowledge. All that makes our hobby so interesting and beautiful was unfortunately missing this year.
We are burning to meet and hold workshops together again. We therefore also fervently hope that the general situation will improve again in 2021. However, we won't let it defeat us and therefore also see the New Year as an opportunity to make the moments we spend together as precious as possible.
What happens next in the New Year?
To be honest, it is very difficult for us to estimate. Of course, our hope is very much that the restrictions that are currently in place will have their effect and that the sacrifices that everyone currently has to make will not be in vain. Therefore, we cannot plan events - at least not yet. Of course, this is not only the case for us as Two Rivers Privity, but also for other organizers.
Unfortunately, it was very quiet in 2020. However, we hope that this will change again.
As soon as there is some loosening in sight, we want to bring Authentic Sundays back to life, as already announced in our first statement. We want to organize these get-togethers, to which all our members can contribute, in such a way that everyone can participate. There are no limits to the possible topics, as long as the activity relates to a historical era of the "Wild West". We also want to give interested people who have had no previous contact with historical representation an opportunity to get a taste of some of the workshops.
We will publish here how the concept will look in detail.
What about the Authentic Camp 2021?
Normally, our invitation to the authentic camp is published at the beginning of the year. Since at the moment everything is different as we know it so far, we hold back our invitation for the time being. Of course, we would like to be able to welcome many historical performers this year as well, but here we are dependent on how the situation develops, too.
In any case, we will let you know in time here as well. The targeted date is - as every year - the second week in August.
If all goes well, we hope for a hobby-rich 2021. In any case, we would be very happy about it!
Thank you for your trust and support!
We can't thank you enough for giving us your support and remaining loyal to us even in these difficult times. We wish you and your families a Happy New Year and would like to toast with you in spirit! Here's to a year where we get to spend more time together!
Stay healthy and see you soon!
Happy New Year!
Josy & Albert Boone, Wanbli Kinyan, July, Chet McCay, Colton White
“In the life of an Indian there are no bad days. Even if the times are difficult. Every day is good. Because you're alive, every day is good.”
A saying that made us stop and think
For our advent calendar we started to collect some sayings in advance and came across this one among others. To be honest - we found it very irritating at first and it caused an inner uneasiness.
Being able to live should be considered taken for granted in our modern times.
Unlike the United States, Germany has a well-developed healthcare system. In very few cases we have to pay medical bills ourselves because we are insured.
In America, however, the situation is different. It is not uncommon that longer hospital stays can mean financial bankruptcy. This is something that we find very difficult to imagine. Where we do not hesitate to call an ambulance, such a decision can cost over $2,200 in the States, and often has to be financed out of one' s own pocket.
However, the slogan is also aimed specifically at the American Natives. Here the situation is a little more tricky - to put it mildly. Most Natives are in a quandary.
Although there are social benefits and some health insurance in the reservations, these are cancelled when the Natives leave the territories. This is also often the case, because the reserves offer hardly any jobs that can provide a livelihood.
The conditions are sometimes so bad that individual Natives have to weigh up the pros and cons: Either they buy gas for the winter or medicines. Conditions that one would not actually expect in the USA.
We want to help and call for donations!
Today is St. Nicholas Day and many may be pleased about own gifts, even if it is just a small one. Others, however, do not have this fortune.
In cooperation with Dietmar Kuegler of Verlag für Amerikanistik and Kerstin Groeper of TraumFänger Verlag, we want to draw attention to the possibility to help!
Dietmar Kuegler (right) - Verlag für Amerikanistik
Dietmar Kuegler is the founder and owner of the publishing house Verlag für Amerikanistik. He has been publishing for over 30 years and is a proven expert on America. Since 1974 he has written over 50 books.
"Verlag für Amerikanistik is the only specialist publisher for Native American and American history in the German-speaking region. Since its founding in late 1983, we have published nearly 200 books with scholarly and popular science content, including numerous dissertations and master's theses". – Dietmar Kuegler
Support of social projects in Pine Ridge by One Spirit Deutschland e.V.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is largely inhabited by Oglala Lakota and is located in southwestern South Dakota on the border to Nebraska.
Originally the area was part of the Great Sioux Reservation, which had an area of 240,000km². In 1876 the U.S. government violated the existing treaty and opened 31,000km² of the area for private interests.
From 1911 the reservation was further reduced by selling the land to whites under the Dawes Act.
Today the reserve has an area of 11.000km². According to the Arizona Daily Star, the unemployment rate in 2002 was about 85%. In 2013, the U.S. Department of the Interior calculated an unemployment rate of approximately 64% in the American Indian Population and Labor Force Report. Drug abuse, alcohol consumption and social hardship are widespread.
The association One Spirit Deutschland e.V. has made it its mission to improve the living conditions of the Lakota since its foundation in 2014. Together with the tribal people, programs have been developed to improve the situation of the population in the long term.
The logo of One Spirit Deutschland e.V.
As a non-profit organization, One Spirit offers youth programs from time to time, in which young people can again increasingly engage with the Lakota culture. "Helping people to help themselves" is intended to help people to achieve a certain income. So for example One Spirit helps artists with the sale of jewelry and other works. A list of the current social projects was created by TraumFänger Verlag. Mrs. Groeper is also a member of One Spirit.
Please help today! Even small amounts can work great wonders.
The Lakota Winter Project of the Society for Threatened Peoples (Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker GfbV)
About Kerstin Groeper from TraumFänger Verlag, we would like to introduce a special project at this point. The Lakota Winter Project, which is supported by the Förderverein für bedrohte Völker e.V. (GfbV), supports families in the Pine Ridge Reservation with the procurement of heating material in winter.
Many people in the population live far below the poverty line and cannot afford the cost of wood or propane gas. The consequence is that especially old people die of hypothermia due to temperatures as low as -4°F. The special problem: The company that supplies the gas only appears from an order value of meanwhile $200. Money that many families cannot raise. The TraumFänger Verlag also provides further information about the project.
Help now and save lives!
The association assures that every donation reaches the people in need at 100%. The donation is used to purchase heating material and helps those who really need it.
Help for Martin Knife Chief - An initiative of the Verlag für Amerikanistik
Dietmar Kuegler from Verlag für Amerikanistik has been calling for a donation for Martin Knife Chief for some time. The Lakota, who has been fighting cancer since 2015, has few resources of his own to fight the disease. Although medical care in the USA is very advanced, it is hardly affordable for Martin as he is no longer working regularly due to the disease.
Through a donation via PayPal, Martin will benefit from the financial support to continue the fight against cancer.
In a call to the general public, Kuegler asks for help.
My name is Dietmar Kuegler.
I am editor of the MAGAZIN FÜR AMERIKANISTIK and author of many books on American history.
Today I am asking to help a friend. Help for MARTIN KNIFE CHIEF.
The Lakota MARTIN KNIFE CHIEF has been fighting an aggressive cancer disease since 2015. The therapies rob him of his strength and they are very expensive. He has no insurance. Martin can no longer work regularly because of his illness. He makes traditional handicrafts at home and occasionally goes to schools and talks about Indian culture. He is too proud to go begging and is very grateful for the help he has received from Germany so far. It also represents a strong moral force. Since many people who have helped him in recent years feel insecure about sending cash in envelopes, Martin has given me a PAYPAL address. PAYPAL is an easy and safe way to send money to the USA. You don't have to exchange Euros for Dollars at the bank. The amount is converted automatically. Just go to the website of PAYPAL and use this email address:
Please specify as reason for payment: "Donation for cancer treatment". Don't be surprised that another name appears in the recipient's address; it is the maiden name of his wife. Every small donation helps. It goes directly to the person who needs the help. Some people who have traveled with me on my guided tours of America have gotten to know Martin personally and know what a great person he is.
Thank you very much!
Dietmar Kuegler Verlag für Amerikanistik
Dietmar Kuegler not only offers guided trips to the USA in addition to his publishing work, but also holds seminars and online courses at universities on the topic of American Studies. His magazine appears four times a year and is filled with profound knowledge of American history.
Whichever path is taken - it is the right one!
It is up to you to decide which way you want to donate. In any case, as Two Rivers Privity we can support the presented projects at 100%. Behind each of these projects are people who give their best every day to make the world a little bit better. This also ensures that your contribution will reach the people who need it the most.
DISCLAIMER: Donations are made through the respective organizers of the projects. The Verlag für Amerikanistik points out the direct possibility of donating to Martin Knife Chief via his PayPal. The Two Rivers Privity does not accept donations, but only draws attention to the possibility to support the presented projects. We do not receive any money, benefits or other remuneration for the presentation of the projects. Also the presentation of the Verlag für Amerikanistik and the TraumFänger Verlag happens without any return service.
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